GPAT/NIPER: Basic organic Chemistry Tutorial By Internet Pharmacy site

Basics in organic chemistry we must know what is organic organic compound but any organic compounds are chemical compounds contain carbon hydrogen bond okay now emitting it is an organic compound because posses carbon hydrogen bond but carbon dioxide is not an organic compound okay so that’s the thing so after knowing this order compound the first things you must understand what are electrophyles okay and what can you do by this is very important basics in organic chemistry now the electrophiles of course they are electron deficient species and it they can donate the electron soil they can accept the electron pair while because deficiency they are efficient they cannot collect the electron pair so they are the one whose accept half steps and when this access of they must be deficient but in the nucleophile they

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donate the electron pair so when they donate the electron so what happened is these electron reach so that’s why we must understand the first basic different definition of the electrophile and the nucleophile so electrifying electron and loving Y electron loving because they’re having decisions of electronic a nucleophile the nucleus loving nucleons not content electron so that’s why they can donate the electron pair to any functional group or any molecule whose having deficiency of electrons so I tell the nucleophile donate the electron to the electrophile in organic chemistry reaction now so how to start with the things now apart from that you must know any cation can behaves like electrophile because cation is deficiency and any anions can be headlights new profile right for example if you have see a strip clubs okay it is electro fine but this is t minus it is known as nucleophiles normally if you used the reagent ch3cl okay with high chloride in generate an electrophile but if you use grignard reagent okay big not so that generate ch3 minus similarly you have example CN plus CL minus now your age – and c and – is only – then what last things okay we can try to h+ n CN plus no and then you have an l2 plus to use an electrophile okay of course you have an h+ and electrophile but you have also h- which is nucleophile okay then after this we go ahead with understanding of electrophile and nucleophile with the help of carbon because organic um compound nothing but it’s a you know any chemical compounds contain carbon and hydrogen so first we’ll discuss about the carbon compounds now when we’re talking about carbon you remember the first thing is your it come that is starbucks hybridization okay if you talk about ch3 in this format time for hybridization is sp3 so remember whenever and functional group or molecule or an part of the molecule okay happy ties in xp3 manner okay so they automatically act as nucleophiles and why this because the p the pi electrons the p character if the protector is more then the loosely bound electrons also more okay when the electrons are loosely bound it can be easily donated but if it is SP then it is s character is more so in that case it is strongly bound so i will come to that so after that the the nucleophile it is Hardy profile but now if you are talking about C double bond C okay or C triple bond C both the cases even though it is an sp2 hybridized form of carbon and this is an SP in both the cases it is nucleophile why so because the electronegativity there is no difference in the electronegativity you know whenever a functional group or you know carbon attached to an another carbon there is no electronegativity difference and that’s why you know there are P character is not affected okay of course you can say that when there is no electronegativity difference the double bond can be available for donation so whenever any molecule donate electron they know how deep your fine of course these are the two exceptional but when you are talking about God when you come C double bond o are okay this carbonyl compound if you see oxygen and carbon they have different electronegativity I will come to that point what is electronegativity so in that case these compounds are electrophile so I just dictate what are the carbonyl compound like for example you have aldehyde CH or you can write in this fashion for aldehyde then you have ester then you have a might then as the chloride then you have carboxylic acid then you have also anhydride okay and what I see this is possible we got contain peroxy breach okay so these are the important so it is ketone this is

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aldehyde and in fact these examples are belong to electro fine okay and why they did profile because there is no difference in electronegativity whenever this is formed between the two different electronegative atom the has negative negative content Delta minus and the lower electronegative content Delta plus okay this Delta notation is given by a very famous scientist that I will discuss in your course of my electronegativity session okay so then that can be a good question for 94 Deepak so now after this let us move on to the SP hybridization so these are the sp2 hybridization of carbon where these are known as electrophile you have SP hybridization of carbon that is CN which is known as nitrile group on sanim okay this is electrophile but you should not be confused with cn – okay this is cyanide which is nucleophile

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